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Developmental Psychology - Erikson's Developmental Stages

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Psychology and Spirituality
© D. Andrew Kille, Ph.D.

Erikson's Developmental Stages

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VIII. Old Age

Ego Integrity vs. Despair

VII. Adulthood

Generativity vs. Stagnation

 
VI. Young Adulthood

Intimacy vs. Isolation

   
V. Adolescence

Identity vs. Identity Confusion

     
IV. School Age

Industry vs. Inferiority

       
III. Play Age

Initiative vs. Guilt

         
II. Early Childhood

Autonomy vs. Shame

           
I. Infancy

Trust vs. Mistrust

             

Virtues and Dangers


Stage

Age

Psychosexual

Psychosocial Crisis

Virtue

Danger

Infancy

to age 2

Oral/ Sensory

Trust vs. Mistrust

Hope

Withdrawal

Early

2-3

Muscular/ Anal

Autonomy vs. Shame

Will

Compulsion/

Play Age

3-5

Locomotor/

Initiative vs. Guilt

Purpose

inhibition

School Age

6-12

Latency

Industry vs. Inferiority

Competence

inertia

Adolescence

12-18

Puberty

Identity vs. Identity Confusion

Fidelity

role repudiation

Young

19-35

 

Intimacy vs. Isolation

Love

exclusivity

Adulthood

35-65

 

Generativity vs.Stagnation

Care

rejectivity

Old Age

after 65

 

Integrity vs. Despair

Wisdom

disdain





Erikson's Ritualization

original url

Ritualization related to Erikson's Eight Stages

from Erikson, E.H. (1966). Ontogeny of Ritualization in Man. In J. Huxley (Organizer), A Discussion of Ritualization of Behaviour in Animals and Man. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: Series B. Biological Sciences. 251 (No. 772).

Stage

Issue

Virtue

Societal Element

Ritual Element

Ritualism

Infancy

Trust

Hope

Religion

Numinous

Idolism

Early Childhood

Autonomy

Will

Law and Order

Judicious

Legalism

Play Age

Initiative

Purpose

Economic Order

Dramatic

Impersonation

School Age

Industry

Competence

Technological Order

Formal

Formalism

Adolescence

Identity

Fidelity

Ideology

Ideological

Totalism

Young Adulthood

Intimacy

Love

Patterns of Relationship

Affiliative

Elitism

Adulthood

Generativity

Care

(various)

Generational

Authoritism

Old Age

Integrity

Wisdom

Religious or Philosophic Tradition

Integral (philosophical)

Dogmatism





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page by M.Alan Kazlev
Table © D. Andrew Kille Psychological Issues in Spirituality
page uploaded 26 August 2004